It is a known fact that concrete is used globally for unlimited constructional and structural projects because of the multiple benefits it offers. Listed below are a few of them. This can help you make a choice of concrete for a project easily.
Benefits Of Concrete
1. Concrete Hardening:
Concrete is one material which can set, harden and gain strength at ambient temperature or probably room temperature. This is an inorganic material which is bonded at low temperatures. Thus, this can be used with ease in weather conditions which are ambient.
2. Carbon Foot Print:
As most of us are looking for environmentally friendly options, you need to know that concrete is the appropriate choice due to its recyclability factor along with durability and efficiency to energy. There are choices like concrete which is cured with CO2 and not water, carbonated concrete and also lower carbon cement.
As compared to other building materials, concrete tends to last for a longer period of time. Concrete is probably the only material which tends to gain strength with time. This brings down the total cost of ownership.
4. Economical Material:
The production cost of concrete is comparatively low. Thus, it is an economical choice for any construction or structural project. This is one material which is available easily as the major ingredients like water, cement is available locally.
5. Energy Efficient:
Concrete is a material which can store energy. This can help in moderating the temperatures in the interiors of a building. The cooling and heating demands are regularized.
6. Free of Emissions:
When cured, concrete tends to be a totally inert substance and does not emit any toxic compounds, gases or organic compounds which are volatile in nature.
Though concrete is known for its strength, this is also considered for its plasticity. This can be easily designed into different forms, shapes, sizes, and textures.
Different Types of Concrete
There are different types of concrete available. You need to take into consideration the nature of the project before making a choice.
* High Strength Concrete:
Normal strength concrete and high strength concrete are two different types of concrete. High strength concrete differentiates in the amount of force which it can resist without any damage. Silica fume is added to the different ingredients when making this high strength concrete. This type of concrete tends to dry up faster as compared to the normal strength concrete. Superplasticizer is added to this concrete for keeping a balance between the strength and the workability. This brings down the chemical reaction between water and cement.
* HPC or high-performance concrete:
High-performance concrete is not known for its strength like the high strength concrete. This concentrates more on the convenience of placement. This does not affect the toughness, strength or the longevity.
* Ultra HPC or high-Performance Concrete:
This type of concrete is normally pre-mixed in the bags as a number of ingredients are required for the preparation. This includes silica fume, Portland cement, silica sand, and quartz flour. This concrete requires water reducers of a higher range, water and organic or steel fibers for increasing the strength. This tends to be ultra-durable due to the combination of the different powders.
* Stamped Concrete:
Stamped concrete is normally used in pavements, parking lots or other areas of high traffic. This stamped concrete offers a natural stone look.
Concrete can be applied in different ways, like, poured, hand applied grouted and a lot more. With the minimum maintenance required, this is one material which works out and is the best choice for most of the structural or construction projects.